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Hurriyat and the Government: Dialogue in search of common ground

Posted by Kashmir Portal on June 5, 2009

5 September 2005
The Hindu

Zero tolerance towards human rights violations and terrorist violence is the most important CBM that the Government and the Hurriyat must agree upon.
See text of statement issued by PMO after Manmohan Singh-Hurriyat meeting, 5 September 2005

Dialogue in search of common ground

Siddharth Varadarajan

THE GOVERNMENT of India and the All Parties Hurriyat Conference have had two unmemorable encounters in the past but Monday’s meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the Kashmiri outfit could well prove to be third time lucky if the two sides concentrate on the low-hanging fruit.

So great is the distance separating the formal positions of the Government and the Hurriyat that finding anything remotely resembling common ground is a difficult task at the best of times. Though the erstwhile Vajpayee Government deserves credit for having first invited the Hurriyat for talks, the BJP’s approach to the Kashmir question was too rigid to allow any meaningful outcome. This was, after all, a government that had dispatched the autonomy resolution of Farooq Abdullah to the gallows without even the courtesy of a formal appraisal. The first pronouncement made by L.K. Advani after being named official interlocutor for the Hurriyat talks was predictably unhelpful: he said the only matter to discuss was “devolution.” It took several weeks of delicate political surgery by concerned intermediaries — and the Vajpayee-Musharraf meeting in Islamabad on January 6, 2004 — to finally bring the Hurriyat leadership and Mr. Advani together.

The first meeting was held on January 22, the second on March 27. However, both produced little more than comforting photo-ops. The Hurriyat said the “role of the gun should be replaced by the sound of politics” and Mr. Advani promised “zero-level human rights violations” as part of his plan for “security with a human face.” Of course, neither side delivered much. Critics in Kashmir lampooned the talks as encounters between a shopkeeper who had no desire to sell and a customer who had no money to spend.

The change of government at the Centre did little to push the process forward. Shivraj Patil, as Union Home Minister, inherited both the mantle of official interlocutor and his distinguished predecessor’s penchant for setting out unnecessary preconditions. His statement that the dialogue had to be “within the four walls of the Constitution” effectively ensured no further meetings with the Hurriyat took place. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh wisely stepped into the breach with his own invitation but even then, it has taken several months for the right conditions to emerge.

Then and now

When the Hurriyat leaders meet the Prime Minister on Monday, they will do so in circumstances quite different from when they were last entertained on Raisina Hill. For one, the India-Pakistan peace process is rolling along with a third round of the composite dialogue to be launched in January 2006. A bus service operates between Srinagar and Muzaffarabad and an in-principle agreement has been reached to ply trucks on the same route. The Hurriyat leaders themselves travelled across the Line of Control and onwards into Pakistan, something no government in India had had the courage — or acuity — to permit in the past. Pakistani journalists have begun making forays into Jammu and Kashmir. Most recently, India issued visas for the first ever intra-Kashmir dialogue involving politicians and intellectuals from both sides of the LoC to be held in Srinagar. The dialogue, sponsored by the Delhi Policy Group and Centre for Dialogue and Reconciliation saw the participation of a number of delegates from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and the Northern Areas.

Of course, underlying conditions in the State continue to be difficult, if not grim. Militancy and infiltration continue, albeit at lower levels, but the desperation of those who wield the gun is reflected in a growing number of terrorist attacks near schools and other public places. `Breakaway’ Hurriyat leader Syed Ali Shah Geelani, too, remains a significant fly in the ointment. Though disowned by Pakistan and the Jamaat-e-Islami of Kashmir, he continues to have a measure of public support in the Valley, certainly more than the Hurriyat leaders, as evidenced by the rally outside his house in Hyderpora last month on the first anniversary of the founding of his Tehreek-e-Hurriyat.

Convinced it has militancy on the run, the Army is unwilling to countenance another unilateral `non-initiation of combat operations.’ Elements within the Hurriyat are open to the idea of encouraging groups such as the Hizb-ul-Mujahideen to come forward with a ceasefire offer but they will be able to deliver on this account only if Pakistan weighs in with the same demand. While the idea of a ceasefire is worth exploring, the Hurriyat and Dr. Singh should begin on Monday with three simple proposals: First, there should be zero tolerance towards violence against civilians; secondly, the logic of `confidence-building measures’ as a way of creating room for a political settlement between India and Pakistan in Kashmir must be allowed to continue; and third, the space must be created for peaceful political protest.

Zero tolerance towards violence against civilians means the government must not put up with human rights violations — whether deliberate or inadvertent — and must act punitively in those cases where the facts establish wanton violence against civilians. What the Manmohan Singh Government does in the Pathribal-Panchalthan incident — where the Rashtriya Rifles abducted five civilians at random in March 2000 and killed them in cold blood in order to pin the Chittisinghpora massacre of Sikhs on them — will be an important test case for establishing its bona fides. The matter is an open and shut case of murder and the CBI is believed to have recommended the prosecution of the Army officers involved. By sanctioning prosecution, the Government can demonstrate that it means business and that there will be no protection for those who violate the law.

On its part, the Hurriyat must take a clear and unambiguous stand against terrorists who target — or endanger — civilians in Kashmir. Just as a civilised society expects its security forces to abide by the rules of conflict, so must it insist that militants have an equal obligation not to harm civilians. Whenever there have been terrorist killings in Kashmir, the Hurriyat leaders either maintain an unbecoming silence or disingenuously try to blame the Government. The Hurriyat must declare that the killing of civilians — and the planting of explosives in places where civilians are likely to be killed or injured — is a crime against humanity and demand that militant groups stop these activities.

As for confidence-building measures (CBMs), the Hurriyat has a crucial role to play in convincing the Pakistani establishment that the interest of the people of Jammu and Kashmir will be served by allowing greater freedom of movement of individuals, families, trade and commerce across all main points of the LoC.

To the extent to which Islamabad is wary of starting bus services from Poonch to Rawalakot, Jammu to Mirpur and Kargil to Skardu, the Indian Government should ask the Hurriyat to press for the same. Similarly, mail and telephone services could be liberalised so that communication could be quicker and cheaper.

Finally, if the Government wishes to delegitimise violence and promote dialogue and politics, it must provide legal avenues for the expression of protest and dissent. Rallies and demonstrations are an important — and crucial — part of political culture throughout India. Given the possibility of disruption by agents provocateur, suitable parameters and protocols need to be devised to ensure protests remain peaceful. Nevertheless, it is time the Central and State Governments conceded the principle that peaceful protest — by the Hurriyat or any other force — cannot be prohibited indefinitely in Kashmir.

© Copyright 2000 – 2005 The Hindu

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Syed Ali Shah Geelani (Hurritat Conference)

Posted by Kashmir Portal on June 5, 2009

Syed Ali Shah Geelani

From Wikipedia

Syed Ali Shah Geelani


Born 29 September 1929 (1929-09-29) (age 79)
Sopore, Kashmir
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Tehreek-e-Hurriyat

Syed Ali Shah Geelani. سید علی شاہ گیلانی (born September 29, 1929)[1] is a prominent political leader from Jammu and Kashmir who favours the conditional accession of Kashmir to Pakistan. In his early Life, he had formed a party by the name Tehreek-e-Hurriyat, but later on, he dissolved his party and became a member of Jamaat-e-Islami Jammu and Kashmir. However, due to a sequence of events, he has also reformed his own party for the struggle of breaking away from India and securing the right to self-determination for the people of Kashmir, Tehreek-e-Hurriyat, which is a component of All Parties Hurriyat Conference, of which he is the Chairman.

Early life

Syed Geelani was born in the town of Sopore, which is located in the district of Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir. After his preliminary education in Sopore, he went on to graduate from the Oriental College in Lahore. He has two sons named Naseem and Nayeem, and five daughters.Only Kashmiri leader to have a mass support in all parts of kashmir

Literature

Syed Geelani has been an aficionado of Jihad, Muslim history and Islamic poetry for most of his life. He has been influenced from the writings of Nasim Hijazi, Allama Iqbal and Maulana Maududi.[2] He has authored more than thirty books and booklets about various topics in Urdu, which include the current separatist movement, his experience in jail, and his political beliefs. His books Roodad-e-Qafas, and ‘Kralagund se Pakistan tak’, describe his views on what he went through in prison. [3] The books also provide the analysis of others who were imprisoned along with him. Another book that he has written is Maqtal sey Vaapsi (A Return from the Execution Grounds).[4] In this tome Geelani mentions that he is constantly being put in jail for his pro Pakistan views, and for refusing an offer from the Indian intelligence to “play a double role” for them.[4] It also mentions the reasons why the current terrorism began, describes in detail the violations of human rights being committed by India, and explains his reasons on why Kashmir should merge with Pakistan. In his book, Safar-e-Mehmood Main Zikar-e-Mazloom, Geelani states that Islam is the inspiration in their struggle against “oppressive Indian troops”In 2007 during Geelani’s treatment in delhi he authored a book “ROHIDEEN KA SHANASA… IQBAL” and in 2008 he wrote second volume of the same book. “Geelani’s Safar-e-Mehmood Main Zikar-e-Mazloom released”. Kashmir Watch. http://www.kashmirwatch.com/showarticles.php?subaction=showfull&id=1182906866&archive=&start_from=&ucat=3&var0news=value0news.

Political Stances

Geelani does not think that the current peace process between India, and Pakistan has helped resolve the conflict.[5] He has blamed this on India, citing that they have not accepted Kashmir as a disputed territory, and have declared it an “integral” part of India.[6][7] Additionally, Geelani has stated that there cannot be a peaceful solution until human rights violations such as custodial killings, rapes and arrests by Indian Armed Forces are stopped.[6] He has also said while Pakistan has shown flexibility in its position, India continues to be rigid in its stance. Geelani believes that India is “cheating Pakistan”, and that it has no intention to solve the dispute. [5] He has also accused the Indian government of changing the demographics of Kashmir, by giving non-locals state subject certificates – required in order to buy land in Kashmir under Article 370 of India’s constitution – in order to make the Kashmiri people a minority in their own land.[8]

Although most of Geelani’s criticism is directed at India, he has also criticized the Pakistani governments for their dealings with India. When asked about Pakistan’s policy regarding Kashmir he stated “your strategy is to shake hands with the people who play with our lives, rape our daughters, arrest our people, kill them and discard their bodies in police stations”.[5] He has also criticized the Pakistani media for not reporting violations of human rights in the state of Jammu & Kashmir due to fear of undermining the peace process.

Geelani has blamed Pakistan’s recent handling of the conflict largely on ex-President Pervez Musharraf. He has said that Musharraf is succumbing to pressure from India and the U.S., and that he is “fearful of India’s military and economic power and has no faith in himself or his people”.[9] Geelani also states that Musharraf does not have support from the people of Pakistan regarding his position on Kashmir. He has told Musharraf to “leave us alone”, if he cannot support the Kashmiris the way Pakistan has been doing since 1947.[10] He has gone as far as to call the present regime headed by Musharraf an enemy of the Kashmiris, while maintaining that the Pakistani people remain their allies.[11]

To solve the conflict Geelani has said that India must withdraw its military, end human rights violations, and hold a plebiscite with the people of Kashmir deciding to join with either India or Pakistan.[12] Any other solution such as self-rule, joint control, demilitarisation, or more autonomy for Kashmir, is opposed by Geelani, who says self-determination which was promised by India and the United Nations is the only acceptable solution.“India rigid, indifferent on Kashmir”. News Network International. http://www.nni-news.com.pk/lastNode.php?transfer=yes&secure=yes&pointer=5258. </ref> Geelani admits that some of the population would prefer independence from both India and Pakistan, but he does not believe an independent Kashmir would be feasible, as Kashmir’s neighbours including China would not accept it.[13]

Self Determination

Geelani has said “Nobody supports terrorism. But this does not mean that a justified right should be curbed in the name of countering terrorism. Hindustan’s political leaders themselves used force against the British empire. Bhagat Singh sacrified his life on the gallows. On April 14, 2000, after my release from an Indian jail, some media personnel asked me what justification there was for infiltration. I responded, ‘Why did India send its troops to East Pakistan to support the movement there?’ The questioners were rendered speechless.”[5]Geelani is supported today by lakhs of kashmiri youth who consider Geelani saviour of kashmir and seek inspiration.People from Sopore and Anantnag are main supporters of Geelani.

Pandits

Regarding Kashmiri Pandits, he is of the opinion that “We want to live with our Hindu and Buddhist Hindu brothers. We have never presured anyone. Hindu brothers who left Kashmir were never told by us to leave the state. They had to leave – leave or be killed. However Pandits don’t believe his theory and blame Mufti Mohammed Sayyed responsible who was the Home minister of India when carnage of Kashmiri Pandits happened.

The Kashmiri Pandit Sanghrash Samiti, an organization of the Pandits in Kashmir, accpets Syed Ali Shah Geelani as their leader and calls for all the Kashmirs to follow him as they do.[14]

Illness

Geelani has been diagnosed with renal cancer, and has been recommended by doctors to go overseas for treatment. After Prime Minister Manmohan Singh intervened, Indian government agencies returned Geelani’s passport to his son.[15] His passport was seized in 1981 due to accusations of “anti-India” activities, and with the exception of his Hajj pilgrimage in 2006, he has not been allowed to leave India.[16]

During a regular check-up doctors discovered that Geelani’s “only kidney has developed malignancy“.[17] An infection forced doctors, four years ago, to remove his left kidney. Although the cancer was in its early stages, it was life threatening, and he needed to have surgery. Following the advice of his doctors at Apollo Hospital, Geelani was set to travel to either the UK or the USA for specialized treatment.[18] However his request for a visa was turned down by the Americans, and as his health deteriorated he went to Mumbai for surgery. Doctors at the Tata Memorial Hospital successfully performed surgery on his kidney.[19] The reason given by the U.S. for turning down Geelani’s request for a visa was, that he has” failed to renounce violence”. This decision was declared a violation of his human rights by his supporters and family.[20]

Criticism

He has been called the “biggest hurdle” in order to achieve unity among the separatist of Kashmir by the Awami Action Committee, which is headed by Mirwaiz Omar Farooq.[21] Omar Abdullah has blamed Geelani for the rise in militancy and bloodshed in Kashmir, while his father Farooq Abdullah has urged him to follow a path which would “save Kashmiri people from further destruction”.[22][23]

In India Geelani has been criticized by the BJP for raising “anti-national views”. [24] He has faced criticism for saying that non-Muslim Kashmiris should leave the valley, after four individuals raped a Kashmiri girl, two of them being non-Kashmiris.[25]

In Pakistan, Geelani has come under criticism from President Musharraf, for opposing the Srinigar-Muzaffarabad bus service between the two Kashmir’s.[26]

Arrests and detentions

This list is incomplete and you can help by expanding it.
Details of imprisonment and detentions[27]
Date (YYYY/MM/DD) Duration  ↓ Type of detention
1962 August 28 13 months
1965 May 07 22 months
1975 July 05 04 months
1975 December 07 04 months
1980 August 04 months
1984 March 06 10 months
1985 January 28 20 months
1990 April 10 24 months
1993 October 22 12 months
1995 03 months
1999 07 months
2002 June 09 10 months
2009 March 30[28] Still Under house arrest[29] Put under house arrest after being arrested.

Notes

  1. ^ “Geelani calls himself”. Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/45002809.cms.
  2. ^ “Sidelined”. Kashmir Observer. http://www.kashmirobserver.com/tabloid3.htm.
  3. ^ “A peep into Geelani’s mind”. Kashmir Observer. http://www.kashmirobserver.com/tabloid2.htm.
  4. ^ a b “A peep into Geelani’s mind”. Kashmir Observer. http://www.kashmirobserver.com/tabloid2.htm.
  5. ^ a b c d “Newsline Interview”. http://www.newsline.com.pk/NewsNov2004/cover4nov2004.htm.
  6. ^ a b “Geelani Interview”. Rediff.com. http://www.rediff.com/news/2002/may/06inter.htm.
  7. ^ “Geelani gives Centre the cold shoulder”. Economic Times. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/247232.cms.
  8. ^ “Geelani accuses India of changing Kashmir’s demography”. Greater Kashmir. http://www.greaterkashmir.com/full_story.asp?Date=13_5_2007&ItemID=20&cat=21.
  9. ^ “Musharraf dreads India, US”. Hindustan Times. http://www.hindustantimes.in/news/181_1861532,000900010002.htm.
  10. ^ “leave Kashmiris alone”. Calcutta News. http://www.calcuttanews.net/story/232931.
  11. ^ “Kashmir Affairs Interview”. http://www.kashmiraffairs.org/interview_geelani.html.
  12. ^ “Involve Kashmiris in peace process”. The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2005/04/18/stories/2005041809830100.htm.
  13. ^ “`Independent Kashmir not feasible'”. Business Line. http://www.hinduonnet.com/businessline/2001/10/30/stories/043085ju.htm.
  14. ^ Zahid, Tasim (02 April 2009). “‘Follow Geelani to attain freedom’: Kashmiri Pandit Leader Sanjay Tickoo” (in English). Greater Kashmir/Kashmir Watch. http://kashmirwatch.com/showheadlines.php?subaction=showfull&id=1238573423&archive=&start_from=&ucat=1&var0news=value0news. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  15. ^ “Visa”. IndiaDaily.com. http://www.indiadaily.com/editorial/16014.asp.
  16. ^ “Ailing Kashmiri separatist”. Gulf Times. http://www.gulf-times.com/site/topics/article.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=136912&version=1&template_id=40&parent_id=22.
  17. ^ “Kidney malignant”. Kashmir Live. http://www.kashmirlive.com/story/Geelanis-only-kidney-malignant-he-wants-treatment-abroad-/24841.html.
  18. ^ “Cancer-hit Geelani awaits”. India News. http://www.indiasnews.net/story/232351.
  19. ^ “Geelani Operated in Mumbai”. Kashmir Observer. http://www.kashmirobserver.com/index.php?id=2134.
  20. ^ “US visa denial is rights violation”. India eNews. http://www.indiaenews.com/india/20070329/45196.htm.
  21. ^ “AAC calls Geelani “biggest hurdle” in separatists unity in JK”. OutLook India. http://www.outlookindia.com/pti_news.asp?id=510782.
  22. ^ “Farooq, Omar lash out at Geelani”. The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2007/04/29/stories/2007042902651000.htm.
  23. ^ “Farooq asks Geelani to adopt a path which can save people”. The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/002200709081922.htm.
  24. ^ “Slap sedition charges on Geelani: BJP”. The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2007/04/24/stories/2007042405001200.htm.
  25. ^ “Geelani’s Faux Pas”. Meri News. http://www.merinews.com/catFull.jsp?articleID=125988.
  26. ^ “Musharraf flays Geelani’s opposition to bus link”. The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/001200504182167.htm.
  27. ^ “Syed Ali Shah Gilani” (in English). Tehreek-e-Hurriyat. http://www.jkth.org/HTML/Sub-Pages/Syed%20Ali%20Gilani.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  28. ^ “Geelani arrested, released” (in English). Newsline, Kashmir. 31 March 2009. http://www.kashmirnewsline.com/2009/03/31/geelani-arrested-released/. Retrieved on 2009-04-03.
  29. ^ “Arrests over Kashmir boycott call” (in English). BBC. 24 March 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/8016461.stm. Retrieved on 2009-04-24.

Posted in Freedom Movements, Parties & Leaders | 2 Comments »

Mirwaiz Umar Farooq (Hurriyat Conference)

Posted by Kashmir Portal on June 5, 2009

Mirwaiz Umar Farooq

From Wikipedia

Muhammad Umar Farooq
Born 23 March 1973(1973-03-23)
Indian Administered Jammu and Kashmir
Occupation Politician
Spouse(s) Sheeba Masoodi, Citizen of United States.

Mirwaiz Muhammad Umar Farooq (born 23 March 1973) is the chairman of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference, a grassroots coalition of pro-independence secessionist groups in Jammu and Kashmir. He attended Burn Hall School in Srinagar.

As a Mirwaiz (preacher) of Kashmir and head of the Hurriyet he has both an important religious and political role in the politics of the Valley.

Placed on the stage at the age of 17, following the assassination of his father, Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq,then the leader of Awami Action Committee, Umar Farooq united 23 Kashmiri militant organizations into the APHC. He has constantly tried to raise much awareness about the Kashmir issue internationally. He was also shown among the Asian heroes by the Times magazine.[1][2] He maintains that dialogue must take place with India and Pakistan, so long as the Kashmiri aspirations are heard as well.

Mirwaiz is the term for the traditional leader of Muslims in Kashmir. He inherited the title as the 12th Mirwaiz and was the founder chairman of the Hurriyat in 1993. Before he began an active career in Kashmir politics, he nurtured the ambition to become a software engineer. He holds a master’s degree in Islamic studies.

References

See also

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Yasin Malik (JKLF)

Posted by Kashmir Portal on June 5, 2009

Yasin Malik

Note: This article is been taken from Wikpedia
Yasin Malik


Nationality Kashmiri
Political party Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front
Spouse Mushaal Mullick, Pakistani Citizen
Residence Srinagar, Kashmir
Religion Islam

Yasin Malik is a prominent leader of the jammu Kashmir,s Liberation movement.His movement is a movement for liberation of jammu kashmir and he spent almost whole of his life in jail and in interrogations.Yasin Malik originally came to prominence as a militant leader in JKLF.in 1994 Yasin Malik renounced violence and from then he and the organisation he heads jammu kashmir liberation frontcalls for strictly peaceful methods to come to a settlement on the Kashmir Conflict[1].

Yasin Malik also considers the Hindu Kashmiris to be an integral part of Kashmiri society and has insisted on their right of return[2] Yasin Malik Yasin Malik was born in 1963 in a modest kashmiri household of Maisuma Bazar in the Centre of Srinagar. Today Thirty-five years later, he lives in the same house with his family consisting of his parents and three sisters. His introduction to political activism occurred, while he was still in school, at the age of sixteen. He was caught and beaten by the police for showing boyish awareness of his rights as a citizen of a state that holds a unique historical leagel and political position in south Asia. He was not the only one of his age, And time, to be treated in this manner what set him apart from his peers, however, was that he understood the intent and attitude behind the treatment he had received and resisted. He allowed himself to be politicized. By 1986, two years later, he was engaged in full time political activity.

He became a founder member, and General Secretary, of the J&K Students League, an organization devoted to publicizing and debating the true status of the state. He began to organize protest marches and distributed Literature that advocated a comprehensive solution to J&K problem. This time he was caught, beaten and imprisoned for twenty days. Soon thereafter, he joined the JKLF, or the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front, of which he is currently the Chairman. The party questions any presumption of the finality of the division of the state between India, Pakistan and China, and Advocates the restoration of the independent status of state of Jammu Kashmir. In 1987 he was arrested, taken to an interrogation centre (a euphemism for torture centers) for twenty days and then imprisoned for a year under the draconian laws called the public safety Act.

It was during this period that the four core activist member of the JKLF, Hamid Sheikh, Ashfaq A. Wani, Javid Mir and Yasin Malik met to form the famous HAJY Group, an acronym formed of the first letters of there first names.

Frustrated by the intransigence of the Indian GOVT. to consider a debate on the status of the state, thy resort to an armed insurgency. One of its primary objectives was to bring the Kashmir problem to the international recognition of the Jammu Kashmir Problem after a hiatus of almost thirty years. Two members of the HAJY Group Hamid and Ashfaq, were killed during the struggle. Yasin Malik and Javid Mir were caught, imprisoned and torture until 1994.In that year, Mr.Malik was released on grounds of ill- health. Soon after his release, he announced a unilateral cease-fire on the part of his party. Though it went unacknowledged by the Government of India, he has stuck, to this day, to his commitment of reverting to a non-violent struggle. Meanwhile, since 1994, No less than 6 hundred of his party members have been killed by Indian Forces after ceasefire.The last half of Mr. Malik’s Life has been a series of visits to Indian prisons where he was alternately beaten, put in solitary confinement (at one stage for two years) and even subjected to mental torture by being placed amongst the inmates of an in sane asylum in Agra. The years of imprisonment, beatings and deprivation have left him in frail many times as prisons. Even since his release in 1994 he has acute arrested numerous times and had six attempts made on his life. Yet, despite this, he has sought to moderate the attitudes of fellow fighters.Yasin Malik recently completed two lengthy visits to the United State for Health reasons. During his stay in the United States Yasin Malik spent most of his time on a diplomatic mission and public awareness. Campaign to educate the U.S public and po makers on Kashmir and garner support for the cause of Kashmiri struggle. Yasin Malik addressed more than a dozen conferences on Kashmir-including Major Mr. Yasin Milk was last time arrested by Indian Authorities in Oct.1999.He along with other APHC leaders was put behind the bars under a black Law public Safety act was lodged at the most unpopular Jail of India. The Jodhpur Jail. This was done because Yasin had successfully led an election Boycott campaign & people of Jail. Kashmin boycotted the elections. He was released but again arrested on March 26 .2002 under the POTA. After torture and illegal detention for almost 1 year he was released.Yasin Malik and his men started a signature campaign.

He visited about 5 thousand villages in Jammu Kashmir. 1.5 million Kashmiris demanded their active involvement in the peace process for the resolution of Kashmir dispute through this campaign. When Snow storm destroyed many villages in Kashmir Yasin and his party was the first to rush with relief. Again when Tsunami and Gujrat Earth Quack devastated humanity Yasin and his party provided relief to the victims. During last year earth quack Yasin and his men were on the front line in Uri, Tangdar, Kupwara and other places.

Yasin himself went to Azadkashmir and provided relief to the poor victims.In recent times Yasin has had one to one meetings with President of Pakistan, Prime Minister Pakistan, Prime Minister of India and other world leaders.in 2007 yasin malik and his party launched a peacefull campaign knowm as safer i azadi (journy to freedom). his journey was to creat an atmosphere for peacefull negociated settelment of jammu kashmir dispute.this journey lasted for one year and during it yasin malik and his coleagues visited about 3500 towns and villages of kashmir.some of his prominent party workers include Adv. Bashir Butt,Enj. Ghulam Rasool Dar,Noor Mohammed Kalwal, Showkat Ahmed Bakhshi and Mohammed Hussain Khan Altaf etc.

Yasin malik has shaheed Maqbool Bhat,Ghandi,Mandela,Yaser Arafat and others as his ideals.Yasin has studied only upto 10th standard but claims that most of the studies he has done are self studies done in various jails .He loves peotry of Allama Iqbal and Writings of Imam Gazali. In January 2009 married a Pakistani painter Mushaal Mullick who is famous for her woman based paintings.[3] The Daily Telegraph, 2009-01-30</ref>

References

http://www.youtube.com/results?search_type=&search_query=jklfmaqboolmanzil.

http://www.newsline.com.pk/newsJan2005/int1jan2005.htm

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/india/…/Militant-kashmiri-leader-Yasin-Malik-to-marry-racy-artist-Mushaal-Mullick.html

http://www.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=8652

http://www.hindu.com/2004/01/21/stories/2004012103871200.htm

http://www.hindu.com/2004/01/21/stories/2004012103871200.htm

http://www.khalidhasan.net/2005/12/18/yasin-malik%E2%80%99s-dream/

http://www.jamespot.com/a/115935-Pro-independence-Jammu-Kashmir-Liberation-Front-chairman-Mohamme.html

http://www.conclave.digitaltoday.in/conclave2008/index.php?option=com_magazine&opt=section&sectionid=3…32…T… –

http://www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1413145.cms

http://www.outlookindia.com/author.asp?name=Mohammad+Yasin+Malik

http://www.jammu-kashmir.com/archives/archives2008/kashmir20080617a.html

http://www.dawn.com/2008/06/18/local.htm

http://www.newsline.com.pk/newsJan2005/int1jan2005.htm

http://www.newsline.com.pk/NewsJuly2008/profilejuly.htm

http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/04/12/08/142842.html

External links

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 39

Posted by Kashmir Portal on June 5, 2009

United Nations Security Council Resolution 39

United Nations Security Council Resolution 39, adopted on January 20, 1948, offered to assist in the peaceful resolution of the Kashmir Conflict by setting up a committee of three members; one to be chosen by the India, one to be chosen by Pakistan and the third to be chosen by the other two members of the committee. The committee was to write a joint letter advising the Council on what course of action would be best to help further peace in the region.

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